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Bricklaying made easy with Ohorongo Cement

Safety First
  • If the product comes into contact with the eyes, immediately wash out thoroughly with water and medical advise should be sought.
  • Always wear protective clothing to prevent skin irritation or caustic burning, which may result from prolonged contact with cement.
  • The use of dust masks is recommended.
  • To avoid back injuries when lifting cement bags, bend the knees while keeping the back upright.
1. Material

The properties and quality of mortar mixes in both fresh and hardened states depend to a large extent on the properties of the materials used. This section provides guidance on the selection of the required materials.

CEMENT Use Ohorongo CEM II B-LL 32.5N cement or Ohorongo CEM II A-LL 42.5N cement, depending on the purpose and function of the mortar.

AGGREGATES: SAND As sand is the major constituent of a mortar mixture, its quality has a significant influence on the performance and material cost of the mortar mix.

  • Use only clean pit sand with particles ranging in size from dust to 2 mm; the sand particles should not be too uniform in size;
  • Sand with high clay content is unsuitable for bricklaying

WATER Use clean, drinkable water.

2. Mixing Mortar
When mixing mortar, always consider the final purpose of the mortar and choose the appropriate proportions. Refer to the section overleaf for the recommended mix proportions.
 
Machine mixing is preferable to hand mixing. However, if the mortar is mixed by hand, special care should be taken to follow these instructions:
  • Ensure you have the correct proportions of cement, sand and water at hand;
  • Mix the mortar on a clean, hard surface such as a concrete floor or steel sheet;
  • Spread the sand in a 10 cm thick layer on the floor or sheet;
  • Spread the cement uniformly over the sand;
  • Blend until the cement and sand mixture are of a uniform colour;
  • Add the clean water in small quantities, mixing after each additionuntil the mixture is soft and flexible;
  • The mixture should stick to the trowel but spread easily; Cover the mixture with a wet cloth or plastic sheeting to protect the mortar from drying out too quickly.
 
Warning: The mortar mixture should be used within a maximum of 90 minutes of being prepared, depending on weather conditions. If the mortar has hardened and is no longer workable, the mortar has to be discarded.
Do not add water to restore the workabity of the batch, as this reduces the strength and properties of the mixture.
3. Application
  • Carefully consider the current moisture content of the bricks to be used. Water being absorbed from the mortar mix does not reduce its strength.It would actually increase its strength due to the lower water/cement ratio. What does however happen is that the mortar mix dries out due to less water and this then leads to cracking.
  • The foundation on which the bricks will be laid needs to be strong and secure. If the foundation is not secure, the newly-built wall will crack as it settles over time.
  • Lay one brick at both ends of the foundation, level them and secure a fishing line so that it runs precisely along the back top edge of these two bricks. Place additional bricks along the line.
  • Load your trowel with mortar and place enough of it onto the foundation to lay two or three bricks at a time. Drag your trowel along the length of the mortar in order to make a deep hollow along the middle of the mortar load.
  • Prior to placing each brick, coat the end of each new brick with mortar and place it firmly up against the previous brick. Place your bricks onto the top of the mortar and tap into place until the top edge of each brick lines up exactly with the fishing line. Scrape off any mortar that has been squeezed out from between the bricks as you work.
  • Once you have laid the bottom bricks, begin building up the corners. As you fill in the brickwork between the corners, adjust the height of the fishing line by moving it up one row of bricks at a time, stretching the line tightly between the end bricks of each layer at the two corners at either end of the wall. The back top edge of each brick laid should line up exactly with the fishing line. Brick force should be used every 3rd layer or according to Engineers’ specifications.
Quantities - Bricks & Mortar

                           

Exterior - Quantities for masonry units - exterior/damp

 

Masonry Unit type Masonry unit size (mm) Masonry units per m² (single left wall) Mortar required in m³ (single leaf wall)
Length Width Height Per 1000 units
Brick / Block Size 222 106 73 52 0.32
222 104 100 36 0.32
390 90 190 13 0.53
390 140 190 13 0.83
390 190 190 13 1.12
Interior - Quantities for masonry units - interior/ dry
Masonry Unit type Masonry unit size (mm)

50kg bags of CEM II B-LL 32.5N / CEM II A-LL 42.5N
Cement per 100 units

Cubic metres (m³) of building sand per 1000 units
Length Width Height
Brick / Block Size 222 106 73 2.1 0.4
222 104 100 2.1 0.4
390 90 190 3.5 0.7
390 140 190 5.5 1.1
390 190 190 7.4 1.4
Proposed mixed portions

 

CEM II A-LL 42.5N / B-LL 32.5N Bag Sand Stone Volume m³
EXTERIOR / DRY MORTAR AND PLASTER
Mortar and plaster exposed to dampness - mix designs are based on the use of good quality sand
1 2 - 0.1
INTERIOR / DRY MORTAR AND PLASTER
Mortar and plaster not exposed to dampness - mix designs are based on the use of good quality sand
1 3 - 0.14m³

The volume of the wheelbarrow is 60 litres.

Click on the link below to download the full bricklaying made easy with Ohorongo Cement document.

Categories: D.I.Y

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